Palestra A. Casadei
Via Rancaglia – Serravalle
Volleyball is a sport in which two team participate each one composed by six players.
If the championship permits to line up 2 “Libero”, every team is composed by 13 players, but only six players can enter the court and each players in the defence zone can be replace by the Libero if it is not his service turn.
The court is rectangular and it measures 9 m × 18 m, it is divided into two square parts, 9 m x 9 m from a net which delimits the against team’s court.
The game is divided into 25 points set each, a team wins the set when arrived at the 25th point, but it could take the lead of the match from two points, however the match goes on until the two lead points ( 26-24, 27-25, 28-26, etc.). The game ends when a team wins 3 sets, in case of draw (2-2) the fifth and last set, named tie-break, ends with the realisation of the 15th point with the lead of two points on the opposite team.
Ball’s games existed since ancient times and they can be considered predecessors of volleyball. For example, in ancients Greek and Roman’s games were happened ball’s game for enjoined. The game named Faustball was introduced in Germany in 1895, but the credit of the invention of the modern game of volleyball in 1895, were attributed to William Morgan, an instructor of Physical Education at YMCA college in Holyoke, Massachusetts (US).
It was played in two different ways for long time, the Occidental’s way and the Oriental’s way, with the “Three contact rules”. In 1938 it was introduced a fundamentals that revolutionised the way of play: the “block”. Especially East States used it with orderliness.
In 1947 the representations of fifteen federation were reunited in Paris and they created the International Federation of Volleyball, Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB).
It participates in the Summer Olympics Games since 1964 and it is one of the most practiced sport.