Montecchio Tennis Center
Strada di Montecchio – San Marino
Tennis is a sport in which two players (one-on-one in a single competition) or four players (two-on-two in a double competition) challenge in a court divided into two parts by a net one metre from ground.
Players use a racket, as it was an arm-extensions, to hit a ball. During the past, racket had wood frames, then frames were made of light alloys, today they are made of pure graphite or mixed with kevlar, fiberglass, tungsten or basalt. In the middle of the frame, a net is made from mono-filament or multi-filament rope.
The object of the game is to play the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will.
It could be considerated a complete sport but it isn’t because of the asymmetrical development of players’ bodies: besides physical strenght, precision, skill, coordination and resistence, above all mental balance and strategy are very important. The most important world players, both men and women, are usually followed by a staff including a psicologist, a trainer who teach about racket shots and strategy in court, an atlethic director and a manager.
A good player experiences a right balance on these 4 elements: physical, technical, tactical and mental. The last one is probably the most difficoult to practice, in fact only playing a lot af games a player learns how to manage tension, feelings and emotion. At amateur level tennis is funny and it creates a little competition.
Historians believe that tennis ancient origin lays in games played during greek-roman culture or in a game performed during Lombard times (called pallacorda-real tennis). This games consisted, initially, in hit the ball with the palm of the hand covered by a glove, and then, in XV century with a racket. In that time the racket was a surface big as four hand-palms with a handle long as a forearm.
The first time the word ‘tennis’ is used, in its antique form as ‘Tenes’ was in the document ‘Cronica di Firenze’ – Florence News – written by Donato Velluti, where the author decribed the event which probably gave birth to the game: a visit of some french knights in Florence. While playing a kind of ‘pallacorda’ games, they were used to cry to the receiver ‘tenez!’.
A very important decision for the sport development has been the reduction of the net, in 1883. In 1895 the first italian tennis championship has been performed. In 1896 tennis has been included within the program of modern Olympic Games, it was played till 1924 when it was eliminated, Only in 1988 was added again in olympic programs.