Kursaal Congress Center
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Table tennis, more popularly known as ping-pong, is one of the most widespread sport in the world and an Olympic sport.
It can be played recreationally at any age and you can play’it in tight places, indoors and outdoors.
For the competitive practice are necessary places equipped and spacious indoors. It also requires an appropriate mental and physical preparation because of stress, both physical and mental concentration, expressed in the short time of each exchange.
For this the table tennis athlete expresses typically physical coordination skills, speed of movement and excellent reflexes as well as a certain sensitivity in touch.
By fans it is often said that “the table tennis is to play chess running the hundred meters.” This statement shows that the high amount of concentration required by the game goes combined with a lightning speed of movement.
Table tennis originated, such as tennis (from the French “Tenez”), from the ancient game known as Jeu de Paume or real tennis, which has become popular since 1880 in France, England and the United States as the Lawn Tennis.
Like many other sports, table tennis was born first as a game of leisure. With the impossibility of playing tennis outdoors in winter for lack of indoor facilities, in England during the last 20 years of the XIX century developed the fashion of a “home” court that was played after dinner inside the famous circles of London society with materials and improvised equipment.
In 1884 he met for the first time the term “table tennis” in an English seller commercial catalog of sporting goods F.H. Ayres. The following year the English electrician James Devonshire patented the “table tennis game” at the London office patents. To that date James Devonshire, is universally regarded as the inventor of table tennis.
At the end of the nineteenth century also radically changes the tool used for striking the ball, which looked more like a tambourine, with the birth of modern wooden racket. Later still it appeared the first coatings to surfaces, in wood with cork or rubber fabric.
In 1922 the two rival associations “Ping Pong” and “Table Tennis” unified rules of play were decided in particular the size of the table surface and its height, the height of the net and the diameter of the balls, all this in preparation the first world championships took place four years later.
So in Europe, in 1926 came the first international table tennis federation, the I.T.T.F., thanks to the organizational efforts of Ivor Montagu. For now, with forty million players valued at a competitive level and even three hundred million recreational players – of which a huge part of China – table tennis is the most popular sport in the world.