FLAG & LOCATION
Iceland, is a nordic island country in the North Atlantic Ocean, located between Groenland and Great Britain, and northwest from the Fær Øer, the second biggest in the continent. Iceland has a constitutional republic since 1944. It has a population of 322.000 habitants; making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. The capital is Reykjavík, city capital considered the highest up north in the world, and actually home to over two-thirds of the population of the entire country. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active, which strongly characterizes the passage, enough to be called « island of ice and fire». The interior consists of a plateau characterized by san and lava fields, mountains and glaciers, while many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. The coasts up in the north are full of inlets and deep fiords, and the island hosts one of Europe’s largest glacier, the Vatnajökull. The Island has three major national parks: National park of Pingvellir, National park of Vatnajökull and National park of Snæfellsjökull. In addition, there are some other protected areas, such as rural gardens, National Monuments and Natural Resources.
Iceland’s natural beauties, including the Vatnajökull, and his gargantuan glacial resources and his volcanic activity.
Iceland hosted the Olympic Games of the small European states twice, in 1997 as well as in the last edition of 2015. In the 16 editions up to now, Iceland won approximatively 945 medals, including 387 which were gold, 280 which were silver and finally 278 which were bronze, reaching the second place overall.